U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital sparked a Palestinian general strike and a call for a new intifada on Thursday as fears grew of fresh bloodshed in the region.
The Israeli military deployed hundreds of more troops to the occupied West Bank amid uncertainty over the fallout from Trump’s decision.
A mass demonstration was being planned for the West Bank city of Ramallah later. Several thousand marched in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip on Wednesday night, burning U.S. and Israeli flags while chanting “Death to America” and “Death to Israel.”
Trump’s announcement prompted an almost universal diplomatic backlash that continued on Thursday, with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan warning it would put the region in a “ring of fire.”
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu however lavished praised on Trump, saying his name would now be associated with Jerusalem’s long history and urging other countries to follow his lead.
Trump’s defiant move—making good on a pledge made during his 2016 presidential campaign—ends seven decades of U.S. ambiguity on the status of the Holy City, which is claimed by both Israelis and Palestinians.
Trump said this marks the start of a “new approach” to solving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. “It is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,” he said in a speech from the White House on Wednesday, urging calm and “the voices of tolerance to prevail over the purveyors of hate.”
But immediately the move sparked anger among Palestinians and their supporters. Hamas leader Ismail Haniya called for a new intifada, or uprising, in a speech in Gaza City.
Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas said Trump’s move disqualifies the United States from its traditional role as peace broker in the Middle East conflict.
Saudi Arabia called the move “unjustified and irresponsible.”
Erdogan asked the U.S. leader directly in one of his most familiar rhetorical habits: “Hey Trump! What do you want to do? What kind of approach is this? Political leaders do not stir things up, they seek to make peace.”
Palestinian shops in east Jerusalem, including the Old City, as well as in the West Bank were largely shuttered and schools closed on Thursday after a general strike was called. “By this decision, America became a very small country, like any small country in the world, like Micronesia,” Salah Zuhikeh, 55, told AFP in Jerusalem’s Old City. “America was a great country for us and everyone.”
Trump’s move left many angry U.S. allies struggling to find a diplomatic response. Through gritted teeth, Britain described the move as “unhelpful” and France called it “regrettable.” Germany said plainly that it “does not support” Trump’s decision.
Eight countries including Britain, France and Italy pressed for an emergency meeting of the U.N. Security Council in response to the move, which was set for Friday. The leaders of Muslim nations meanwhile deployed ever-harsher rhetoric to describe Trump’s decision, while Jordan and the Palestinians requested an emergency meeting of Arab League foreign ministers.
Trump also kicked off the process of moving the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. In doing so, he begins to make good on a campaign promise dear to U.S. evangelical Christian and rightwing Jewish voters—as well as donors.
Trump’s predecessors, from Bill Clinton to George Bush, had made the same promise, but quickly reneged upon taking office.
The 45th U.S. president was determined to show his arrival in Washington spells the end of business as usual, suggesting his predecessors failed to act though lack of “courage.”
Israel seized Arab east Jerusalem in the Six-Day War of 1967 and later annexed it in a move never recognized by the international community.
The Palestinians want the eastern sector as the capital of their future state. Several peace plans have unraveled in the past decades over the issue of how to divide sovereignty or oversee holy sites in Jerusalem.
The international community does not formally recognize the ancient city as Israel’s capital, insisting the issue can only be resolved in negotiations—a point reiterated by U.N. chief Antonio Guterres in the wake of Trump’s decision.
Guterres implicitly criticized Trump, stressing his opposition to “any unilateral measures that would jeopardize the prospect of peace.”
Trump insisted the move did not prejudge final talks, saying it simply reflected the reality that west Jerusalem is and will continue to be part of Israel under any settlement. “Peace is never beyond the grasp of those willing to reach it,” said the U.S. leader, who declared that “this decision is not intended in any way to reflect a departure from our strong commitment to facilitate a lasting peace.”
“The United States would support a two-state solution if agreed to by both sides,” Trump said, as he announced that Vice President Mike Pence would travel to the region in the coming days.
Trump further stated that the United States was not taking a position on any “final status issues, including the specific boundaries of the Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem, or the resolution of contested borders. Those questions are up to the parties involved.”