The head of Iran’s military on Monday warned Islamabad that his country’s armed forces would target militant sanctuaries within Pakistan if Islamabad does not target Sunni extremists who stage cross-border attacks in the Shia-majority nation.
“We cannot accept the continuation of this situation,” said Major General Mohammad Baqeri while referring to the killing of 10 border guards in the restive Sistan-Baluchestan province by militants last month. Tehran has alleged that members of the extremist Jaish-ul-Adl killed the guards by using long-range guns from within Pakistan. In a statement issued on state media at the time, Iranian police had said “the Pakistani government bears the ultimate responsibility of the attack.”
The Sistan-Baluchestan province has long been plagued by drug smuggling gangs and separatists. Unlike the rest of Iran, the population of the province is predominantly Sunni Muslim. Jaish-ul-Adl has often tried to prey on this sectarian divide by accusing Tehran of discriminating against Sunni Muslims and the Baloch ethnic group in the region. The militants claimed responsibility for attacks that killed eight border guards in April 2015 and 14 border guards in October 2013.
“We expect the Pakistani officials to control the borders, arrest the terrorists and shut down their bases,” said Baqeri. “If the terrorist attacks continue, we will hit their safe havens and cells, wherever they are,” Reuters quoted him as telling IRNA, the state news agency.
Last week, after the border guards were killed, Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif visited Pakistan and urged Islamabad to improve border security. In a statement, Pakistan’s interior ministry said Zarif had been assured border security would be strengthened through “better coordination, greater intelligence sharing and frequent interactions” between officials of the two countries.
This is not the first time Iran has threatened to stage unilateral strikes in Pakistan. In 2014, Tehran warned it would deploy troops to Pakistan to retrieve five border guards kidnapped by Jaish-ul-Adl. The diplomatic crisis was averted after a cleric brokered peace with the militants. Four of the guards were eventually released; the militants killed the fifth.