The Middle East saw a fifth day of protests on Monday over U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaration of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, while further global condemnation followed the deeply controversial move.
While tens of thousands of protesters gathered in Lebanon, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met E.U. foreign ministers in Brussels, declaring that the move he has lauded as historic “makes peace possible.” He also said he expected “all or most” European countries would follow the United States—but the 28-nation bloc’s foreign policy head Federica Mogherini gave him a stern rebuff, telling him to “keep his expectations for others.”
In Cairo, Russian President Vladimir Putin denounced Trump’s decision as “destabilizing” while calling for a resumption of long-stalled Israeli-Palestinian talks. And after meeting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ankara later Monday, Putin said the Trump declaration could “derail” peace efforts.
At a joint press conference, Erdogan said he and Putin had taken a similar approach on the issue, while accusing Israel of continuing to “add fuel to the flames.”
Erdogan has been perhaps the most outspoken of global leaders in warning about the consequences of Trump’s move. Earlier Monday he said in a speech in Ankara that Washington was a “partner to bloodshed.”
Hezbollah, which fought a war with Israel in 2006, organized a demonstration in Beirut in which tens of thousands of people chanted “Death to America!” and “Death to Israel!”
In Tehran, hundreds of diehard Iranian conservatives rallied against Israel and said Trump had hastened its demise by his decision. In Ramallah in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, dozens of Palestinians threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded with tear gas and rubber bullets.
“We came here against Trump’s decision and we want to send a message that Jerusalem is and will stay our capital, and we will stay to defend it,” one protester in a black ski mask told AFP. There were also low-level clashes in Hebron and the Gaza Strip.
About 27 Palestinians were wounded by live fire or rubber bullets throughout the day, the Red Crescent said.
Palestinian demonstrations have declined in number and intensity since reaching a peak on Friday, but there are concerns they will again increase later this week.
Late Monday, at least two rockets were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, with one intercepted by Israel’s missile defense system. In response, Israel’s army said it hit Hamas military positions in the strip with tank and aircraft fire.
There were no immediate reports of casualties on either side.
Four Palestinians have been killed so far in clashes or Israeli airstrikes in response to rocket fire from Gaza, and hundreds have been wounded.
Tens of thousands of people have protested in Middle Eastern and Muslim nations. Palestinian leaders are outraged by Trump’s move, but they also face difficult choices in how to respond since they rely on U.S. aid and would like to salvage the possibility of a two-state solution to the conflict.
President Mahmud Abbas will refuse to meet U.S. Vice President Mike Pence when he visits the region later this month, Palestinian officials say, a move that led Washington to accuse Abbas of “walking away” from a chance to discuss peace.
Abbas on Monday met Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, a key U.S. ally in the region, ahead of a summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation on Wednesday. Egyptian presidential spokesman Bassam Radi said Sisi reaffirmed Cairo’s “firm” position on the need to maintain the legal and historical status of Jerusalem and support for an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.
Netanyahu, who has been dogged by corruption investigations against him at home, has lauded Trump’s declaration. On Monday, he was in Brussels as part of a two-day trip to Europe after meeting French President Emmanuel Macron in Paris the previous day, on visits planned before Trump’s move.
Macron urged Netanyahu to “show courage” and take measures to restart long-stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts, including freezing settlement construction in the West Bank. But Netanyahu, who heads what is seen as the most rightwing government in Israeli history, showed no sign of obliging, instead blaming the Palestinians for stalled peace efforts.
Monday’s parley with E.U. foreign ministers was the first such meeting with an Israeli premier in 22 years, and came after the bloc’s diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini warned that Trump’s move could take the situation “backwards to even darker times.”
Netanyahu later said he told the ministers to “stop spoiling the Palestinians—tell them clearly.”
“I think that the Palestinians need to be brought back to earth, to reality,” he said.
Mogherini said the “worst thing that can happen now is an escalation of tensions, of violence,” and restated the E.U.’s position that a two-state solution with Jerusalem as capital for both Israelis and Palestinians was the only sustainable way to resolve the conflict.
Trump’s Jerusalem declaration upended decades of precedent and broke with international consensus, drawing global condemnation. Jerusalem’s status is perhaps the most sensitive issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Israel sees the entire city as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians want the eastern sector as the capital of their future state.
Trump noted in his decision that Jerusalem’s final status would have to be decided in negotiations between the two sides, but the Palestinians are not convinced. Many analysts have questioned how a fair peace process could be possible after such a major concession was made without seeming to demand anything in return.
Jerusalem is home to sites sacred to Jews, Christians and Muslims, and the Arab and Muslim world has seen the U.S. move as an affront.