China on Friday rejected accusations that it had helped Pyongyang skirt sanctions after U.S. President Donald Trump claimed on Twitter that Beijing was turning a blind eye to oil transfers to North Korea.
Trump’s tweet was the latest salvo in his battle to persuade China to tighten the economic screws on Pyongyang over its missile and nuclear program, in a campaign that has seen him heap both praise and criticism on Beijing.
“Caught RED HANDED – very disappointed that China is allowing oil to go into North Korea,” Trump wrote on Thursday. “There will never be a friendly solution to the North Korea problem if this continues to happen!”
The United Nations—at the urging of the U.S.—has imposed a series of sanctions against North Korea aimed at getting it to halt its weapons development.
China has supported the moves, but critics claim it is not rigidly enforcing the sanctions, fearful that too much pressure will cause the unpredictable regime to collapse.
South Korean newspaper Chosun Ilbo, citing government sources in Seoul, reported earlier this week that U.S. satellites had spotted Chinese ships selling oil to North Korean vessels at sea dozens of times since October. “The recent series of reports on this situation do not conform with the facts,” Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said, adding that Beijing did not allow its “citizens or companies to engage in any activities that violate” U.N. resolutions.
Hua said China had looked into the report of a Chinese ship transferring oil to a North Korean vessel and found it to be inaccurate. “There is no record of the [Chinese] vessel visiting a Chinese port” since August, she said. “I think making pointless hype through the media is not conducive to enhancing mutual trust and cooperation.”
A defiant Pyongyang has said there is no possibility of its weapons programs being rolled back, and that they have been developed to defend against what it terms aggression by the U.S. and its allies. Washington insists a resolution of the crisis on the Korean peninsula depends on the North’s denuclearization.
The United Nations Security Council last week imposed new sanctions on Pyongyang further restricting oil supplies, and ordering North Korean nationals working abroad to be sent back by the end of 2019. It was not immediately clear what prompted Trump’s tweet, or if he was accusing China—the North’s main ally—of directly violating sanctions targeting Pyongyang.
A State Department official later said the U.S. was aware that “certain vessels have engaged in U.N.-prohibited activities, including ship-to-ship transfers of refined petroleum and the transport of coal from North Korea.”
“We have evidence that some of the vessels engaged in these activities are owned by companies in several countries, including China,” the senior official said.
Separately, a foreign ministry official in Seoul said on Friday that a Hong Kong-registered vessel was seized and inspected in November for transferring oil products to a North Korean ship in breach of U.N. sanctions. The official described the incident as Pyongyang “shrewdly circumventing” sanctions, adding that South Korea had shared intelligence on the case with the U.S.
In recent months, the White House has praised Beijing for its efforts to tame North Korea, and China has voted in favor of three U.N. Security Council resolutions strengthening sanctions against the North. But Washington, convinced that only Chinese pressure will persuade North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un to back down, has demanded that Beijing do more.
“China has a tremendous power over North Korea. Far greater than anyone knows,” Trump told the New York Times in an interview on Thursday.
The U.S. president hinted at the possibility of trade action against China over the matter. “Oil is going into North Korea. That wasn’t my deal!” he said. “If they don’t help us with North Korea, then I do what I’ve always said I want to do.”
Describing Kim regime as a “nuclear menace” that is “no good for China,” Trump added that Chinese President Xi Jinping’s government has to “help us much more.”
The U.N. Security Council on Thursday meanwhile denied international port access to four ships—three registered in North Korea and a fourth in Palau—suspected of carrying or having transported goods banned by international sanctions targeting Pyongyang, according to the final list adopted by the world body. Diplomats had said on Thursday that all four were North Korean vessels.
The ban of the four vessels brings the U.N.’s total number of blocked ships to eight.